The historic aura and mesmerizing pages of our history books are painted in the royal reigns and the royal patronage of the ruling kingdoms belonging to this vibrant and colourful state of Rajasthan. The most glorious and acclaimed reign in the antiquities of our country is daunted by this bewitching and compelling beauty of Rajasthan. The marvellous and magnificent city, Jaipur which is also the capital of the historical and traditional state of Rajasthan is the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. Jaipur is finely decorated with bright brimming colours, mesmerizing, grandiose and enchanting forts and the all lively and soothing lifestyle.
Also known as the Pink City; a title it earned during early times due to the gorgeous and the glittering Hawa Mahal, the place has a strong allure intermingled with the essence of it. The city is a popular amongst tourists who wish to seek a course in the rich architecture and the mastered engineering around the place. Adding on to its beauty the fascinating capital of the country Delhi, and the romantic abode of the luring city Agra; these three cities combine to make up the Golden Triangle to the tourist circle. The place canvasses itself to be the reigning home of the historic state of Rajasthan and offers you with the rich effervescence of the architectural marvels and the rich heritage . Each place in the city has its own story ranging from the bewitching and captivating beauty of the Hawa Mahal to the marvelous grandeur of the City Palace.
The most tangled vibes of the place don’t only include travelling thrills, the vibrant markets are being a complete blend of beautiful handicrafts, exquisite jewellery and dazzling artefacts all of which are unique to this brilliant city. Jaipur is now renowned as a entire high tech region with all those rounds of modernization and urbanization stages getting apace with it, the standard illustration of it can be seen by the many sophisticated dinings, and the flourishing and swanky malls and the renowned prestigious educational institutions.
Everything in the city is going to compel you into mindfulness and enthralling time of your life. An awe-inspiring culture mingled with its roots all of which is reflected by the inhabitants wearing colourful traditional attires to the traditional Rajasthani cuisine and the graciousness and welcoming nature of the locals, all are going to lure you into spending some good days into the rich aura and ambience of the city. The tagline ‘Padharo Mahare Desh’ is correctly and aptly followed and the tourists are treated with utmost respect and love.
History of Jaipur The most exciting and fascinating thing about the city is the grand history it has. According to legends, it is said to be founded by Kachwaha Rajput, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year of 1727. He was known to be a great admirer of astronomy and was himself a great warrior; he started his reign from the tender age of 11 after the death of his father, the king, Maharaja Bishan Singh.
The reason why the Kachwaha Rajput clan dissolved was that of the rivalry with the Sisodia Rajputs that led them to ally with the Mughals and overthrow them. The mighty Kachhawaha used to rule from the grand Amber Fort during past years managing their kingdoms of Mewar and Marwar. After Jai Singh came to power, he shifted his capital from Amber to Jaipur after he reinstated his rule from his brother Vijay Singh by fighting fiercely with the Mughals and establishing his reign.
The kingdom since then prospered and even expanded its borders. Jai Singh built the city around Amber Fort and was hence named Jaipur after his name. The rich architecture and the amiable engineering was undergone by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, the chief architect from Bengal who after granting the permission from Jai Singh founded the city based on scientific principles and laid its stones according to the Shilpa Shastra; the ancient architectural manual. A number of gates and huge forts were added to the city for security. Following this, the city remains one of the best-planned cities of the country.
Jaipur earned its title of Pink City, in 1878 when city welcomed the Prince of Wales and the entirely get painted in pink colour. Since then it is referred to as Pink City.
Gradually Jaipur has become an epitome of prosperity during the 19th century which led to the city experiencing rapid growth and renovation. The city due to its rich heritage and culture was declared as a princely state under the British Raj, and after India gained independence, it acceded to the Union of India in 1949 and was also named as the capital of Rajasthan.
Culture of Jaipur
The culture of this vibrant city is all favored with its rich history which is very well reflected in its cuisine traditions, art and architecture of the city. The majestic architecture is all pleasing with the splendid monuments and huge forts and a complete blend of the Rajput and Mughal skills and styles and is one of their kinds. This extravagant splendor of the city dates back to its ruling days where rulers of the city used to hire craftsman and artists from around the globe, who gave their immense contribution to the grandiose of the city and eventually settled here continuing and framing its legacy.
Some of the famous arts found and extended from the city are Badhani, Block printing, Takashi, Meenakari, Stone carving, Sculpture, Blue pottery, Ivory carving, Shellac work, Leatherwear, Jewellery, Gems and Kundan. Other than this, the city is famed for its traditional tastes in dance and is famous for Ghoomar, Kathak dance and Tamasha dance form; a dance with puppets or Kathputli. The city is a perfect amalgamation of ancient and royal heritage along with modernization with effects of urban lifestyle.
Major Sightseeing in Jaipur :
Nestled amidst the hills of the Aravalli range, the Amber Fort is a UNESCO world heritage site and among the prime tourist attractions in the Rajasthan. Also known as the Amber Palace or Amer Palace, the foundation of the Fort was laid by the King of Amer Man Singh I. The Fort later completed by the King Jai Singh. Set amidst the picturesque location, the Palace was built with the red sandstone and white marble which makes it one of the beautiful Forts in India. The beautiful sight of the sunrise and sunset from this fort overlooking the Maota Lake is simply outstanding. The fort is fortified with the walls strong enough to defend its residents of the fort from the attacks of the enemies. Inside the Amber Fort, the Sheesh Mahal, means the palace of mirrors, is one of the prime attractions which will captivate with its beauty. The hall was decorated with the various mirror tiles in such a way that just a single sunray illuminates the whole hall.
Build by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, the Agra Fort was the prime residence of the Royals of the Mughal dynasty till 1638. This historical fort is located in the city of Agra nearby the famous monument of Taj Mahal in India. Till the capital of the Mughal Empire was shifted to Delhi in the year 1638, the Agra Fort was the power center of the Mughal Empire. A UNESCO world heritage site, the fort of Agra is also known as the Red Fort of Agra which was constructed as an invincible military base by the then Mughal Emperor Akbar. Later, many structures were built in the Fort by the son of Akbar, the Emperor Jehangir and also modified extensively by the Emperor Shah Jahan, son of Jehangir. The Fort is situated around 2.5 km northwest of the Taj Mahal and known as the walled city due to its mammoth size. The Fort of Agra with all of its elegance, lavishness and splendor of the Mughal era is considered one of the finest imperial palace in India.
This amazing palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799, specially designed for the ladies of the Royal family to watch the activities on the road below such as processions, festivals, etc. and enjoy the view. The Hawa Mahal is among the prime attractions of Jaipur and becomes synonymous with the Jaipur tourism. The palace is a 5 storied massive building with having 152 windows in the spectacular semi-octagonal design. It is the perfect example of spectacular Rajput architecture. At present, the palace has been converted into an enriched museum, which showcases the glittering heritage of Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar Observatory :
Declared a UNESCO world heritage site, the Jantar Mantar was built by the Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18th century. This observatory had the massive masonry instruments which were used to research on the stars and constellations in the sky and study their movements. The giant sundial here is the world’s largest stone sundial. The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is the largest among the five Jantar Mantar built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.
City Palace :
Nestled in the center of the old city of Jaipur, the City Palace occupies around 14 percent of the total area of the old city. Designed with the Rajput and Mughal architectures, the palace has a seven-storied building in the center which is known as the Chandra Mahal. The Chandra Mahal offers an outstanding panoramic view of the gardens and the entire old city. Other structures such as Diwan-E-Aam (Hall of public audience), Diwan-E-Khas (Hall of private audience), Mubarak Mahal, SilehKhana, etc. has its own charm and grandeur with the intricate decorations and collections.
Situated in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake, the spectacular palace named JALMAHAL is a tourist attraction which must be visited while in Jaipur. A perfect example of grandeur and beauty of the Rajput architecture, the palace is located at around 6 km from Jaipur on the way to Amer.
Apart from the above prime tourist attraction, there are plenty of heritage and destinations, visiting where will be an enriching experience. The Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Gaitor, Sun Temple at Galta, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Kanak Vrindavan, Motidoongari, Maharani Ki Chhatri, Sisodia Rani Garden, Vidhyadhar Garden, Ishwar Lat or Swarg Suli, Central Museum of Jaipur, Birla Planetarium, etc. are the destinations in Jaipur which attracts tourists. You should also visit these places to understand the enriching past and present of the Jaipur city.